Note: We have four short essays relating to the contribution of four great sons of India on the occasion of the 65th Independence Day of our country. This is the last of the four part series
Pandit Jawaharlal Nehru
Jawaharlala Nehru is fondly known as Chacha Nehru. He was the son of Motilal Nehru and Swaroop Rani. He was a great patriot and a freedom fighter. He was highly respected.
He completed his education in England. Returning to India, he practised law for some years. Then he joined Indian National Congress led by Gandhiji.
Nehru was a great intellectual. He was known for his integrity. He was greatly influenced by Gandhiji. He participated actively in the freedom movement. He was imprisoned a number of times. He spent almost 14 years in prison. He practised truth and nonviolence on the footprints of Gandhiji. He was actively involved in the non-cooperation movement.
Consequently, India became an independent nation on August 15, 1947 and Nehru became the first Prime Minister of the country. He was instrumental in carrying out our five year plans.
Jawaharlal Nehru had great love for Children. His Birthday on November 14, is celebrated as Children's Day. The letters written by Nehru to his daughter Indira are quite famous. He is said to be the architect of modern India. His daughter Indira Gandhi became the Prime minister of India later on.
Rose was his favourite flower and a symbol of love which he always wore on his coat.
Note: We have four short essays relating to the contribution of four great sons of India on the occasion of the 65th Independence Day of our country. This is the third of the four part series
Shahid Bhagat Singh
Bhagat Singh, a symbol of heroism was born in a Sikh family. He was a revolutionary. His only goal in life was the destruction of the British Empire. He gave up his life for the ideal of a free and better India.
He had his school education in Lahore. His uncle, father, grandfather were all active in the freedom struggle. He was only 12 when hundreds of Indians were massacred by the British in the Jallianwallah Bagh incident. His desire to drive the British out of India became much stronger. He joined the non-cooperation movement lead by Gandhiji. But he turned to be violent against the British as days passed.
He came in contact with Chandrashekhar Azad, Lala Lajpat Rai and Ras Bihari Lal. Sukhdev, Bhagavati Charan, Raj Guru were all his associates. He held a meeting of the revolutionaries.
In the meanwhile Lala Lajpat Rai was brutally beaten by the British. Later he died. This angered Bhagat. He killed the British officer Saunders. He built a bomb factory in Agra. Then he threw bombs in the Central Assembly hall while the assembly was in session. The British arrested him and hanged him to death on March 23, 1931. Then he was only 23.
Bhagat is still living amongst us as a prominent face of the freedom struggle.
Long Live the Revolution - Inquilab Zindabad
Note: We have four short essays relating to the contribution of four great sons of India on the occasion of the 65th Independence Day of our country. This is the second of the four part series
Subhash Chandra Bose
Subhash Chandra Bose was a great son of Mother India. He was known for his courage and dynamism.
He was born in Cuttack of Orissa. Subhash was highly disciplined from his childhood days. He had a learning desire to see India free. He was brilliant in studies. But he never tolerated the British. Hence he was expelled from the college.
Subhash was influenced by Gandhiji to a great extent. He lead protests against the British. Consequently he was arrested and sent to Mandalay Jail in Burma. It was a notorious jail during those times. After release he became the Mayor of Calcutta.
Subhash led a number of protests against the British. Once he hoisted the Indian national flag in Calcutta. The British got angry and asked him to leave the country. He began organising volunteers abroad. He made friendship with Germany and Japan and organized Indian National Army. He gave a fiery speech over the Berlin radio. He declared war against the British.
His army, the INA made advances and succeeded in capturing parts of Assam. But unfortunately Japan had major setbacks in the war. America dropped atomic bombs on Hiroshima and Nagasaki. Lakhs of people were killed. Japan surrendered to the enemies, America and Britain. Subhash died in an air crash.
Today Subhash is a role model to us. His selfless sacrifice has a great lesson to all of us. The slogan 'Jai Hind' inspires us even today.
Note: We have four short essays relating to the contribution of four great sons of India on the occasion of the 65th Independence Day of our country. This is the first of the four part series
Mahatma Gandhi is popularly known as the 'Father of our Nation'. He is one of the charismatic leaders who fought for the freedom of our country. He was born in Porbandur, Gujarat on Oct. 2, 1869. He was the youngest son of Putlibai and Karamchand Gandhi. He married Kasturba at the age of 13.
Gandhi was very much influenced by the stories of Satya Harischandra and Shravana Kumara when he was young. Gandhi studied law in London. He served as a lawyer in South Africa. There he was abused and illtreated by the British. That was a common problem with all the Indians who were blacks for them. He then decided to throw himself into the freedom struggle.
Gandhiji moved on the path of truth and nonviolence. He stayed in South Africa for about 25 years. Then he returned to India.
Here the Independence movement was in full swing. He inspired people to boycot British goods. He wanted to save the Indian home industries. He launched Satyagraha, nonviolence, non-cooperation and swaraj movements to achieve freedom. He emphasised on discipline and good values in life. He fought against social evils. Ahimsa to him was the highest virtue. The British kept him in different jails for a number of years. Finally in August 1947, the British were forced to leave India.
Unfortunately, Mahatma Gandhiji was assassinated on January 30, 1948. But his teachings will continue to make an impact on us forever.
Long live Mahatma, long live the nation.
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