Mahatma Gandhi is popularly known as the 'Father of our Nation'. He is one of the charismatic leaders who fought for the freedom of our country. He was born in Porbandur, Gujarat on Oct. 2, 1869. He was the youngest son of Putlibai and Karamchand Gandhi. He married Kasturba at the age of 13.
Gandhi was very much influenced by the stories of Satya Harischandra and Shravana Kumara when he was young. Gandhi studied law in London. He served as a lawyer in South Africa. There he was abused and illtreated by the British. That was a common problem with all the Indians who were blacks for them. He then decided to throw himself into the freedom struggle.
Gandhiji moved on the path of truth and nonviolence. He stayed in South Africa for about 25 years. Then he returned to India.
Here the Independence movement was in full swing. He inspired people to boycot British goods. He wanted to save the Indian home industries. He launched Satyagraha, nonviolence, non-cooperation and swaraj movements to achieve freedom. He emphasised on discipline and good values in life. He fought against social evils. Ahimsa to him was the highest virtue. The British kept him in different jails for a number of years. Finally in August 1947, the British were forced to leave India.
Unfortunately, Mahatma Gandhiji was assassinated on January 30, 1948. But his teachings will continue to make an impact on us forever.